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                                                                Kia Ora! New Zealand
                                                                      Presenter: Cindy
I. New Zealand: A popular Maori name for New Zealand is Aotearoa, often translated as ‘The Land of the Long White Cloud.’

   A. Background:
        1. The Polynesian Maori reached New Zealand in about A.D. 800.
        2. The Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, the British began the first organized colonial settlement.
        3. The British colony of New Zealand became an independent dominion on September 26, 1907.
   B. Geography:
        1. New Zealand is in the south-western Pacific Ocean and in the southeast of Australia. 
        2.  The country consists of two major islands and six smaller islands.
  C. Population: 4,115,771 (July 2007 est.) 
  D. Capital: Wellington; largest city: Auckland
  E. National flag:
         1. Blue with the flag of the UK with four red five-pointed stars. The stars represent 
             the Southern Cross constellation.
         2. The colors on the New Zealand flag represent the following:
              --White: peace and honesty
              --Red: hardiness, bravery, strength & valor
              --Blue: vigilance, truth and loyalty, perseverance and justice
  F. National anthem: God Defend New Zealand
  G. Religious beliefs: 
         1. Anglican's religious doctrines are Autonomy-in-Communion and Full communion.
         2. There are no legal restrictions specifically relating to religious groups.
  H. Education: Required 'Social Studies' course in primary and secondary schools.
       There are four topics in this course: (1) cultural difference, (2) interaction, (3) social control, and (4) social change. 
II. Definition of the New Zealanders
  A. People define themselves as New Zealanders because they have one particular culture: Maori.
          1. Under the Treaty of Waitangi, the Crown has an obligation to protect the Maori language. Maori culture is valued and protected.
          2.  New Zealanders share a strong national identity, have a sense of belonging, and value culture diversity.
 
III. Notions of SPACE (Proximity) & TIME
    A. SPACE: New Zealanders vs. Canadians….
         1. Both of them tend to become a bit uncomfortable with people who get closer, especially when meeting them for the first time.
         2. It is also not a custom to kiss the person on the cheek unless you are good friends and you would only do so if you had not seen each other for a considerable amount of time.
         3.  It generally is not the custom to kiss both sides of the cheeks.
         4.  It is acceptable to leave about an arm's length between yourself and the person you are speaking to. A handshake is usually given when people meet for the first time. It is most often accompanied with a laugh as to the formality of it all.
         5. Asking personal questions such as salary, property or age are just as unacceptable as it is in Canada.
         6. Maori culture has a unique greeting called the Hongi. It involves both people touching their noses together. This form of greeting is usually only used at formal Maori events and not in everyday life.
 
  B. TIME:
         1. New Zealanders' life style is casual and easy-going. They ask for leave just want to have a trip or take a break.
         2. They are the initiator for working 8 hours per day and women have rights to vote. It is intolerance to work overtime.
         3. They usually arrive late. They are not very punctually (1:30à 1:45) vs. Japanese.

IV. Maori's Life:
  A. Haka
         1. A haka is a traditional dance performance of the Maori in New Zealand.
         2. Hands, feet, legs, body, voice, tongue and eyes with instruments all play their part in blending together to covey in their fullness of the challenge, welcome, exultation, and defiance.
  B. Hangi
         1. Hangi is a Maori feast or Maori way of cooking.
         2. The food is steamed underground with hot stones to create a unique flavor.
 
V. Conclusion
    New Zealand has a rich and fascinating history, reflecting both Maori and European heritage. A walk around any New Zealand city today shows what a culturally diverse and fascinating country they have become.
 
Reference:

New Zealand - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_Zealand

周祝瑛(民88)。淺談紐西蘭社會科課程。康軒教育雜誌。34。
http://www.knsh.com.tw/magazine/01/034/3402.asp

紐西蘭商工辦事處nzcio.com - Taiwan
http://www.nzcio.com
 



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